Passive microwave satellite observations have frequently been used to observe changes in sea ice cover and concentration. Comiso et al. showed that there may also be a direct relationship between the thickness of snow cover (h(sub s)) on ice and microwave emissivity at 90 GHz. Because the in situ experiment of experiment of Comiso et al. was limited to a single station, the relationship is re-examined in this paper in a more general context and using more extensive in situ microwave observations and measurements of h from the Weddell Sea 1986 and 1989 winter cruises. Good relationships were found to exist between h(sub s) sand the emissivity at 90 GHz - 10 GHz and the emissivity at 90 GHz - 18.7 GHz when the standard deviation of h(sub s) was less than 50% of the mean and when h(sub s) was less than 0.25 m. The reliance of these relationships on h(sub s) is most likely caused by the limited penetration through the snow of radiation at 90 GHz. When the algorithm was applied to the Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) satellite data from the Weddell Sea, the resulting mean h(sub s) agreed within 5% of the mean calculated from greater than 1400 in situ observations.